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Malik Ghulam Muhammad

Introduction

Malik Ghulam Muhammad was born on 20 April in 1895 in Lahore. He belonged to a middle-class family of the kakazai tribe. Malik Ghulam Muhammad joined the Indian Accounts service after graduating from Aligarh University. Initially, he served in the Railway board and then during First World War, he worked as the controller of General Supplies and purchase.

Malik Ghulam Muhammad 3rd Governor Pakistan
Malik Ghulam Muhammad

In 1945, he was only one of the founders of Mahindra and Muhammad Company, which is now as Mahindra. He worked as a financial advisor to the Nizam of Hyderabad. He represented the Nawab of Bahawalpur during the first round table conference. When Liaquat Ali Khan became the finance Minister in the intern Government, he got his help in the technical affairs while preparing the historical “Poor Man’s Budget”.

Post of Finance Minister

When Pakistan came into being in 1947, Ghulam Muhammad has inducted himself as the Finance Minister in the Cabinet of newly created Pakistan. He helped the country tackle financial crises.

He persuaded the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of Bahawalpur to gave financial assistance to the newly born Pakistan due to his personal relationship.

International Islamic Economic Conference (IIEC)

In 1949, one of his initiatives that Pakistan organized an international Islamic economic conference in Karachi from November 26 to December 6, in which Finance Ministers from all Muslim countries participated.

In his address, Ghulam Muhammad gave an idea of the establishment of an economic block of the Muslim countries.

Death of Liaquat Ali Khan

Liaquat Ali Khan was decided to remove Ghulam Muhammad from his Cabinet due to his bad health. But the death of Liaquat Ali khan turned the tables for Ghulam Muhammad. After Khawaja Nazimuddin resigned from the post of Governor-General, he elected as the third Governor-General by the Cabinet.

After assuming the charge as Governor-General, Ghulam Muhammad started dominating all the affairs of the country in order to curtail the powers of Prime Minister.

Disappointed Governor Seat

When Khawaja Nazimuddin and his cabinet tried to challenge, Ghulam Muhammad’s undefined dominating authority. He dismissed the Governor-General by using non-mandatory powers under the Provisional Constitution.

Ghulam Muhammad helped Muhammad Ali Bogra, then Ambassador of Pakistan in the united states, in becoming the next Prime Minister. Later on, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan amended the constitution, When it tried to denude the Governor-General from his discretionary under which he dismissed Khawaja Nazimuddin’s Government.

Ghulam Muhammad dissolved the constituent Assembly. Molvi Tamizuddin, in the Sindh High court, the Court abolished the action of Governor-General, but the supreme court reversed the decision in favor of Governor-General.

Ghulam Muhammad Last days

Due to the attack of Paralysis, Ghulam Muhammad went on a two months leave and was removed as acting Governor-General, but Iskander Mirza removed Ghulam Muhammad from his Authority.

Ghulam Muhammad died in 1956.

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