Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy was a left-wing Pakistani statesman of Bengali origin and belonged to the founding fathers of Pakistan. He was elected as the fifth prime minister of Pakistan, serving from 1956 to 1957.
Suhrawardy was born on September 8, 1892, in a city of Midnapore, in present-day West Bengal. In the Suhrawardia clan. His father was a well-known judge of the High Court of Calcutta, Sir Zahid Suhrawardy. His older brother, Shahid Suhrawardy, was together with Professor Ahmed Ali. Co-founder of PEN Miscellaneous of Pakistan. He finished his B.S. In 1910, at the School of Mathematics in St. Xavier.
He later entered the University of Calcutta, where he obtained his master’s degree in Arabic and a scholarship for higher studies abroad. He then moved to the United Kingdom to attend St Catherine’s College, University of Oxford. He graduated with a distinction from M.A.B.C.L. and Bar-at-Law. He began to practice in the High Court of Calcutta upon his return.
He married Begum Niaz Fatima in 1920, daughter of Sir Abdur Rahim. He Interior Minister of the British province of Bengal in India. Two children, Ahmed Shahab Suhrawardy and Begum Akhtar Sulaiman, are blessed by God from this union. In 1940, when he was a student in London, Ahmed Suhrawardy died of pneumonia. Suhrawardy’s first wife, Begum Niaz Fatima, died in 1932; he married Vera Alexandrovna Tiscenko Calder, who converted to Islam after their marriage and changed his name to Begum Noor Jehan. His new wife, Vera, was a Russian actress of Polish descent from the Moscow Art Theater and protected by Olga Knipper. In 1951, Suhrawardy divorced her and then settled in the United States. He had a son, Rashid Suhrawardy, from her.
Suhrwardy entered active politics in Bengal from the platform of the Swaraj party, a group within the Indian National Congress, and became the enthusiastic supporter of Chittaranjan Das. At the age of 31, he became the deputy mayor of the Calcutta Corporation in 1924, and the deputy leader of the Swaraj party in the Provincial Assembly. He separated from the Swaraj Party after the death of Chittaranjan Das in 1925, and joined the Muslim League. He served, among other positions, as Minister of Labor and Minister of Civil Supplies during the government of Khawaja Nazimuddin.
Suhrawardy led an attack line against the conservative current led by Nazimuddin and Akram Khan in the Muslim Bengal League. He established and directed a Muslim League government in Bengal, which at that time was the only League government in British India, in the light of the 1946 elections.
When the demand for a separate Muslim state became popular among Indian Muslims and the division of India into communal lines was highly anticipated in mid-1947; Suhrawardy presented his plan at a press conference on April 27, 1947, for a united and independent Bengal to avoid the division of Punjab and the Hindu majority districts of Bengal on communal lines. Sadly, Suhrawardy’s policy did not gain strength and a subcontinent partition was made on a community basis.
After the formation of Pakistan, Suhrawardy was elected in 1949 as a member of the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. He then became Minister of Law during the reign of the Second Constituent Assembly of Pakistan in December 1954, and in 1955 he became the Leader of the Opposition to a Coalition Government after one year. Despite being an anti-communist, he was appointed a prime minister in 1956 to head a coalition government in Pakistan. Its initial objectives were to solve energy crises, eliminate economic disparities and build a massive army. At first, he took initiatives to rebuild and reform military forces. Expand defense infrastructure, establish the nuclear energy plan against India, and to develop economic policies on the supply side. Suhrawardy was the first prime minister to visit China to strengthen relations between China and Pakistan, and the long associated ties between Pakistan and the United States were the pioneers of its foreign policy.
Despite his successes, after his failure to control economic disparity. President Iskander Mirza forced him to resign from the threat of dismissal. Present the One-Unit Program and regulate the power of business dominance in politics. On October 10, 1957, Suhrawardy resigned from his position. He died on December 5, 1963, as a result of a recurrent heart attack in Beirut, Lebanon, his grave is in Dhaka.